Anderson helped to put England on track to go in front in the series, with six first-innings wickets in Birmingham.
Then with a sell-out crowd voicing delight and crowing at Australia’s misery at this famously noisy venue, Bell (65no) ensured plenty to shout about as the meagre target was surpassed to go one up with two to play in this Investec series.
Finn, back for his first Test in two years after much-chronicled technical problems, took five for 45 as Australia stumbled to 168 for seven by stumps on day two – a lead of only 23, despite opener David Warner’s defiant 77.
A mere 19 matches in the 138-year history of Test cricket had ended inside two days, with the last occurrence in England when the West Indies were beaten by an innings and 39 runs at Headingley in 2000.
“England bowler James Anderson has been ruled out of remainder of the current Ashes Test with a side strain”, the European Central Bank said in a statement.
Jonny Bairstow, recalled after England dropped his Yorkshire team-mate Gary Ballance following their humiliation at Lord’s, exited for just five as he gloved a brute of a rising ball from Johnson to wicket-keeper Peter Nevill.
He was the chief destroyer at the Nottinghamshire venue when the sides last met there in the 2013 series finishing with a 10-wicket haul as England won by 14 runs.
England couldn’t quite compete with that often appear on Thursday but inside studies relating to wickets in 55 overs appeared to be remain a powerful drag.
Veteran opener Chris Rogers, whose 52 had been the lone batting highlight of Australia’s first innings, fell for six when he was lbw to paceman Broad.
But he was near “unplayable” at times on Thursday as he dismissed both Steven Smith and struggling Australia captain Michael Clarke for the second time in the match.
After being bowled out for 281 – a lead of 145 – England’s bowlers never let the Aussie batsmen settle as they tore into them before and after tea.
The England bowler proceeded to devour Adam Voges (0) off the next ball, to be on a hat-trick but Mitchell Marsh denied him the honours.
Stuart Broad took his 300th Test wicket, on his home ground, with just the third delivery of the match at Trent Bridge.
Joe Root with 63 top-scored for England who were boosted by an entertaining eighth-wicket stand of 87 between Moeen Ali (59) and Broad (31).